Grover, Ginni, Oscar Nestares and Ronald Azuma. Understanding ability of 3D Integral displays to provide accurate out-of-focus retinal blur. IS&T Proceedings of Electronic Imaging 2019, 30th Annual Stereoscopic Displays and Applications conference (San Francisco, CA, 14-16 January 2019), pp. 635-1-635-9(9). Link to paper at Electronic Imaging | PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. The Road to Ubiquitous Consumer Augmented Reality Systems. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies vol. 1, #1 (January 2019), pp. 26-32. Link to paper at Wiley site.
Hunter, Seth, Ron Azuma, Jonathan Moisant-Thompson, Dave MacLeod, Derek Disanjh. Mid-Air Interaction with a 3D Aerial Display. Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2017 Emerging Technology Installation (Los Angeles, 30 July - 3 August 2017), 2 pages. PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. Making Augmented Reality a Reality. Proceedings of OSA Imaging and Applied Optics Congress (San Francisco, CA, 25-29 June 2017). PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. The Most Important Challenge Facing Augmented Reality. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 25, #3 (Summer 2016), 234-238. Publication date January 31, 2017. PDF
Azuma, Ronald. Location-Based Mixed and Augmented Reality Storytelling. Chapter 11 in the book Fundamentals of Wearable Computers and Augmented Reality, 2nd Edition, Woodrow Barfield, editor. CRC Press, Aug. 2015. pp. 259-276. Link to book on Amazon | PDF of my book chapter
Xu, Yan, Joshua Ratcliff, James Scovell, Gheric Speiginer, Ronald Azuma. Real-time Guidance Camera Interface to Enhance Photo Aesthetic Quality. Proc. ACM CHI 2015 (Seoul, Korea, 18-23 April 2015), pp. 1183 - 1186. PDF
Azuma, Ronald. Augmented Reality Systems. Book chapter to be published in 2nd edition of Handbook of Visual Display Technology, Janglin Chen, Wayne Cranton, and Mark Fihn, editors. Springer Science and Business Media, 2015.
Laibowitz, Mat, Vids Samanta, Syed Reza Ali, Ronald Azuma. Chamber of Mirrors: A Socially-Activated Game Exploits Pervasive Technology. IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 11, #2 (April - June 2012), pp. 38-45. PDF
Wither, Jason, Sean White, Ronald Azuma. Comparing Spatial Understanding Between Touch-Based and AR-Style Interaction. Proc. IEEE Int’l Symp. on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2011) (Basel, Switzerland, 26-29 Oct. 2011), pp. 273-274. PDF | video
Azuma, Ronald, Mark Billinghurst, Gudrun Klinker. Special Section on Mobile Augmented Reality. Computers & Graphics, vol. 35, #4 (August 2011). Special issue on Mobile Augmented Reality. pp. vii-viii. PDF
Wither, Jason, Yun-Ta Tsai, Ronald Azuma. Indirect Augmented Reality. Computers & Graphics, vol. 35, #4 (August 2011). Special issue on Mobile Augmented Reality. pp. 810-822. PDF | Movie of traditional AR condition | Movie of new Indirect AR condition
Korah, Thommen, Jason Wither, Yun-Ta Tsai, Ronald Azuma. Mobile Augmented Reality at the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Proc. of IEEE Virtual Reality 2011 (Singapore, 19-23 March 2011), pp. 183-186. PDF
Wither, Jason, Rebecca Allen, Vids Samanta, Juha Hemanus, Yun-Ta Tsai, Ronald Azuma, Will Carter, Rachel Hinman, Thommen Korah. The Westwood Experience: Connecting Story to Locations Via Mixed Reality. IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality 2010, Arts, Media and Humanities Proceedings (ISMAR AMH 2010) (Seoul, Korea, 13-16 Oct. 2010), pp. 39-46. PDF
Livingston, Mark, Ronald Azuma, Oliver Bimber, Hideo Saito. Guest Editors’ Introduction: Special Section on The International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR). IEEE Trans. on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 16, #3 (2010), pp. 353-354.
Ronald Azuma, Howard Neely III, Mike Daily, Jon Leonard. Performance Analysis of an Outdoor Augmented Reality Tracking System that Relies Upon a Few Mobile Beacons. Proc. IEEE and ACM Int’l Symp. on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2006) (Santa Barbara, CA, 22-25 Oct. 2006), pp. 101-104. PDF
Mike Daily, Ron Azuma, Youngkwan Cho, Troy Rockwood, and Susan Gottschlich. Tactial Alert Management. Proc. 2006 Int'l Conf. on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI '06) (Las Vegas, NV, 26-29 June 2006), pp. 337-343. PDF
Ron Azuma, Mike Daily, Chris Furmanski. A Review of Time Critical Decision Making Models and Human Cognitive Processes. Proc. 2006 IEEE Aerospace Conference (Big Sky, MT, 4-11 March 2006). PDF
Ronald Azuma, Jason Fox, and Chris Furmanski. Evaluating Visualization Modes for Closely-Spaced Parallel Approaches. Proc. HFES 49th Annual Meeting (Orlando, FL, 26-30 Sept. 2005), pp. 35-39. PDF
Ronald Azuma, Tim Clausner, Mike Daily, Jason Fox, and Mary E. Miller. Visualization Concepts for Generating Insight from NAS Simulation Data. Proc. AIAA 2005 Modeling and Simulation Conference (San Francisco, 15-18 Aug. 2005) PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. Course notes on Overview of Augmented Reality from Course Notes #25: Developing Augmented Reality Applications. ACM SIGGRAPH 2004 (Los Angeles, 8-12 Aug. 2004).
Ronald Azuma, Chris Furmanski. Evaluating Label Placement for Augmented Reality View Management. Proc. IEEE and ACM Int’l Symp. on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2003) (Tokyo, 7-10 Oct. 2003), pp. 66-75. PDF
Chris Furmanski, Ronald Azuma, Mike Daily. Augmented-reality visualizations guided by cognition: Perceptual heuristics for combining visible and obscured information. Proc. IEEE and ACM Int’l Symp. on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2002) (Darmstadt, Germany, 30 Sept. - 1 Oct. 2002), pp. 215-224. PDF
Ronald Azuma, Yohan Baillot, Reinhold Behringer, Steven Feiner, Simon Julier, Blair MacIntyre. Recent Advances in Augmented Reality. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 21, 6 (Nov/Dec 2001), 34-47. PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. Augmented Reality: Approaches and Technical Challenges. Book chapter in Fundamentals of Wearable Computers and Augmented Reality, Woodrow Barfield and Thomas Caudell, editors. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001, ISBN 0-8058-2901-6. Chapter 2, pp. 27-63.
Bruce Hoff, Ronald Azuma. Autocalibration of an Electronic Compass in an Outdoor Augmented Reality System. Proc. of Int’l Symp. on Augmented Reality 2000 (Munich, Germany, 5-6 Oct. 2000), pp. 159-164. PDF
Ronald Azuma, Howard Neely III, Michael Daily, Ryan Geiss. Visualization Tools for Free Flight Air-Traffic Management. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 20, 5 (Sept/Oct 2000), 32-36. PDF
Azuma, Ronald, Jong Weon Lee, Bolan Jiang, Jun Park, Suya You, and Ulrich Neumann. Tracking in unprepared environments for augmented reality systems. Computers & Graphics 23, 6 (December 1999), 787-793.
You, Suya, Ulrich Neumann, and Ronald Azuma. Orientation Tracking for Outdoor Augmented Reality Registration. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 19, 6 (Nov/Dec 1999), 36-42. PDF
Azuma, Ronald, Howard Neely III, Mike Daily, Mario Correa. Visualization of Conflicts and Resolutions in a “Free Flight” Scenario. Proc. of IEEE Visualization 1999 (San Francisco, 24-29 Oct. 1999), pp. 433-436, 557. PDF
Azuma, Ronald, Bruce Hoff, Howard Neely III, Ron Sarfaty. A Motion-Stabilized Outdoor Augmented Reality System. Proc. of IEEE Virtual Reality 1999 (Houston, TX, 13-17 March 1999), pp. 252-259. PDF | Video
You, Suya, Ulrich Neumann, and Ronald Azuma. Hybrid Inertial and Vision Tracking for Augmented Reality Registration. Proc. of IEEE Virtual Reality 1999 (Houston, TX, 13-17 March 1999), pp. 260-267. PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. The Challenge of Making Augmented Reality Work Outdoors. Book chapter in Mixed Reality: Merging Real and Virtual Worlds, Yuichi Ohta and Hideyuki Tamura, editors. Springer-Verlag, 1999, ISBN 3-540-65623-5. Chapter 21, pp. 379-390. Associated with invited presentation at First Int’l Symp. on Mixed Reality (ISMR 1999) (Yokohama, Japan, 9-11 March 1999). PDF
Azuma, Ronald T., Bruce R. Hoff, Howard E. Neely III, Ronald Sarfaty, Michael J. Daily, Gary Bishop, Vern Chi, Greg Welch, Ulrich Neumann, Suya You, Rich Nichols, and Jim Cannon. Making Augmented Reality Work Outdoors Requires Hybrid Tracking. Proc. of First Int’l Workshop on Augmented Reality (San Francisco, 1 Nov. 1998), pp. 219-224. PDF
Azuma, Ronald T. A Survey of Augmented Reality. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments 6, 4 (August 1997), pp. 355 - 385. Earlier version appeared in Course Notes #9: Developing Advanced Virtual Reality Applications, ACM SIGGRAPH 1995 (Los Angeles, 6-11 August 1995), 20-1 to 20-38. The most referenced publication in the field of AR. One of 50 influential journal articles selected by MIT Press. from over 80 MIT Press journals from 1969 to 2011, covering all academic fields. PDF | Additional references
Azuma, Ronald T. Course notes on “Registration” and “Correcting for Dynamic Error” from Course Notes #30: Making Direct Manipulation Work in Virtual Reality. ACM SIGGRAPH 1997 (Los Angeles, 3-8 Aug. 1997). Registration PDF | Dynamic Error PDF
Azuma, Ronald, Mike Daily, and Jimmy Krozel. Advanced Human-Computer Interfaces for Air Traffic Management and Simulation. Proc. of 1996 AIAA Flight Simulation Technologies Conference (San Diego, CA, 29-31 July 1996), pp. 656-666. Awarded Best Paper of conference. PDF
Daily, Mike, Ronald Azuma, Pete Tinker, Kevin Martin, and Cheryl Hein. Soldier System Effectiveness Measurement System Virtual Environments Study. Hughes Studies and Analysis Technical Report (July 1996).
Tinker, Pete, Ronald Azuma, Cheryl Hein, and Mike Daily. Driving Simulation for Crash Avoidance Warning Evaluation. Proc. of 29th ISATA Dedicated Conference on Simulation, Diagnosis and Virtual Reality. (Florence, Italy, 3-6 June 1996), pp. 367-374. PDF
Azuma, Ronald and Gary Bishop. A Frequency-Domain Analysis of Head-Motion Prediction. Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 1995 (Los Angeles, 6-11 August 1995). Computer Graphics, Annual Conference Series, 1995, 401-408. PDF
Dissertation: Predictive Tracking for Augmented Reality. UNC Chapel Hill Dept. of Computer Science technical report TR95-008 (February 1995), 262 pages. PDF | Chp. 1 pictures | Chp. 2 pictures | Chp. 3 pictures | Chp. 5 pictures
Azuma, Ronald and Gary Bishop. Improving Static and Dynamic Registration in an Optical See-Through HMD. Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 1994 (Orlando, FL, 24-29 July 1994), Computer Graphics, Annual Conference Series, 1994, 197-204 + CD-ROM appendix PDF | Video
Ward, Mark, Ronald Azuma, Robert Bennett, Stefan Gottschalk, and Henry Fuchs. A Demonstrated Optical Tracker With Scalable Work Area for Head-Mounted Display Systems. Proc. of 1992 Symp. on Interactive 3D Graphics (Cambridge, MA, 29 March - 1 April 1992), pp. 43-52. PDF | Pictures | Video
Azuma, Ronald and Mark Ward. Space-Resection by Collinearity: Mathematics Behind the Optical Ceiling Head-Tracker. UNC Chapel Hill Department of Computer Science technical report TR 91-048 (November 1991), 23 pages. PDF | Pictures
Wang, Jih-Fang, Ronald Azuma, Gary Bishop, Vern Chi, John Eyles, and Henry Fuchs. Tracking a Head-Mounted Display in a Room-Sized Environment with Head-Mounted Cameras. SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1290 Helmet-Mounted Displays II (Orlando, FL, 19-20 April 1990), pp. 47-57. PDF | Pictures
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